Protecting civilians in armed conflict


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thaiSince January 2004, armed violence has caused more than 17,000 civilian casualties in the region known as Thailand’s “Deep South”. 

After a decrease in violence in 2015, 2016 saw this trend reverse, with an upsurge in the reported number of both incidents and casualties. Since 2004, 15,374 attacks have killed 6,543 people and wounded 11,919 others, mostly civilians. People not or no longer participating in hostilities constitute the majority of these casualties. ANSAs are reportedly responsible for the vast majority of IHL violations. Peace talks between the government and a coalition of separatist movements have so far failed to make significant progress.


Thematic areas of work in this country
Humanitarian norms

Geneva Call has been working on the deep south of Thailand since 2015. It focuses on promoting respect for humanitarian norms by building the capacity of CBOs/CSOs to disseminate relevant information to communities.

Main achievements

  • Geneva Call adapted its training material on humanitarian norms – an illustrated booklet and a poster – to the local context.
  • In 2015, regular monitoring of the press and experts’ reports revealed a decrease in the number of unlawful incidents, alt-hough violations of humanitarian norms by ANSAs continued.
  • In 2015, illustrated booklets and posters in the Thai and Malay languages helped local CSOs promote humanitarian rules.

In Thailand, Geneva Call works or has worked with the following armed non-State actors:

Organization Active Thematic areas
Landmine ban Child protection Gender issues Humanitarian norms
Barisan Revolusi Nasional (BRN) Yes
Majlis Syura Patani (MARA Patani) Yes
Click on the ticks to display the signed Deeds of Commitment

The ANSA is being engaged by Geneva Call on this thematic area


The ANSA was engaged by Geneva Call on this thematic area


The ANSA has signed the Deed of Commitment on this thematic area