Protecting civilians in armed conflict


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Pakistan has been involved in several armed conflicts since independence in 1947, including two wars with India over the disputed territory of Kashmir.

Since 2006, the Government has conducted military operations against the Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) – also known as the Pakistan Taliban – in the tribal areas along the Afghan border : Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) and Khyber Pakthun Khwa (KPK).

The fighting has added to the severe landmine contamination due to the conflicts with India. Hundreds of civilians have fallen victim to mines and explosive remnants of war (ERW). Numerous violations of IHL and human rights have also been reported.


Geneva Call’s involvement in the country began in 2011, when it entered into a partnership with Pakistan non-governmental organization Sustainable Peace and Development Organization (SPADO) to draw international attention to the landmine issue.

Banning  AP mines

In December 2012, SPADO – with the support of Geneva Call – produced a report entitled Addressing the Impact of Landmines and Explosive Remnants of War in Pakistan. The report presents the impact of landmines, unexploded ordnance and improvised explosive devices on the civilian populations living in the tribal areas and in Baluchistan, and concrete steps the Government, armed non-State actors (ANSAs) and humanitarian actors can take to address the problem.

The report was launched during the 12th Meeting of States Parties to the AP Mine Ban Convention. It has been translated into Urdu and was released in Pakistan in early 2013 to great interest.

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