Protecting civilians in armed conflict


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The Communist Party of Nepal-Maoists (CPN-M) waged a decade-long armed struggle against the monarchy.

After two failed attempts – in 2001 and 2003 – at negotiating a resolution to the conflict, the Government  and the CPN-M signed a peace accord in 2006. The conflict left more than 12,000 people dead and 100,000 displaced according to UN estimates. Landmines and improvised explosive devices caused hundreds of casualties.


Geneva Call engaged the CPN-M on the anti-personnel (AP) mine ban from 2003 to 2007, when the group became part of the interim Government.

Banning AP mines

Geneva Call met with representatives of the CPN-M on several occasions during the course of the conflict. The organization advocated for a ban on AP mines and measures to reduce the risk to civilians of other explosive devices.

Geneva Call also called on both sides to address mine action in peace talks. In a seminar supported by Geneva Call in 2006, a leader of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front, a signatory group to the Deed of Commitment banning AP mines from The Philippines, was invited to share the group’s experience in giving up AP mines. Over a hundred people attended, including representatives of the Government and the CPN-M.

In May 2006, the two parties agreed to a bilateral ceasefire that included the non-use of landmines. The peace agreement concluded a few months later also commited them not to use mines and assist in marking and clearance of mined areas.

Main achievements

  • Both the Government and the CNP-M committed in the 2006 bilateral ceasefire and peace agreement to forego the use of landmines, paving the way for the complete clearance of known mined areas by 2011.


In Nepal, Geneva Call works or has worked with the following armed non-State actors:

Organization Active Thematic areas
Landmine ban Child protection Gender issues Humanitarian norms
The Communist Party of Nepal-Maoists (CPN-M) No
Click on the ticks to display the signed Deeds of Commitment

The ANSA is being engaged by Geneva Call on this thematic area


The ANSA was engaged by Geneva Call on this thematic area


The ANSA has signed the Deed of Commitment on this thematic area


Related news

  • is a directory of armed non-State actors commitments. Check out the documents concerning this country on
Strategy 2017-2019


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