Protecting civilians in armed conflict

Democratic Republic of the Congo

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DSC00437 (Medium) (2) (Personnalisé)

Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has been plagued by armed conflict for 20 years.

Armed conflict continues unabated in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), particularly in the Kivu, Ituri and Oriental provinces. The conflict opposes several armed non-State actors (ANSAs) against the DRC’s armed forces, often backed by the integrated UN Stabilization Mission in the DRC (MONUSCO). Inter-ethnic tensions and fighting between ANSAs also persist. The humanitarian consequences affect tens of thousands of civilians. Serious violations of IHL remain widespread, including the recruitment and use of children, sexual violence against women and children, kidnapping and summary executions. More than 1 million people have been internally displaced. Corroborated sources report a huge number of violations of IHL in North Kivu every week.


Thematic areas of work in this country
Humanitarian_norms_dark Gender_issues_dark Child_protection_dark
Humanitarian norms Gender issues Child protection

Geneva Call engages major ANSAs and influential community leaders in North Kivu province. It primarily focuses on improving their knowledge of humanitarian norms protecting children in armed conflict and prohibiting sexual violence. It operates within the country from an office in Goma. Through media campaigns, which mainly use local radio stations and are based on messages from the Fighter not Killer campaign, Geneva Call aims to raise awareness among combatant groups with which it may not already be involved in a direct dialogue and to inform local communities and authorities about the existence of humanitarian norms.

Main Achievements

  • 2 ANSAs—the Alliance des Patriotes pour un Congo Libre et Souverain (APCLS) and the Forces Démocratiques pour la Libération du Rwanda (FDLR)—started to adjust their policies and practices in order to be in line with international humanitarian laws protecting children in armed conflict.
  • 203 officers from 3 ANSAs participated in 10 training sessions and improved their knowledge of humanitarian norms, the protection of children in armed conflict, the protection of schools and the prohibition of sexual violence.
  • The Nduma Defense of Congo – Rénové (NDCR), APCLS and FDLR provided Geneva Call with copies of their internal rules and agreed to receive technical support to improve them in order to comply with humanitarian norms, especially the protection of children.

In Democratic Republic of the Congo, Geneva Call works or has worked with the following armed non-State actors:

Organization Active Thematic areas
Landmine ban Child protection Gender issues Humanitarian norms
Alliance des Patriotes pour un Congo Libre et Souverain (APCLS) Yes
  • Conseil national pour le renouveau et la démocratie (CNRD) Yes
    Forces Démocratiques pour la Libération du Rwanda (FDLR) Yes
    Forces de Défense Congolaises (FDC) Yes
    Forces pour la défense des droits humains (FDDH) Yes
    Nduma Defense of Congo – Mai Mai Cheka (NDC) No
    Nduma Defense of Congo – Rénové (NDCR) Yes
    Nduma Defense of Congo (NDC) Yes
    Click on the ticks to display the signed Deeds of Commitment

    The ANSA is being engaged by Geneva Call on this thematic area


    The ANSA was engaged by Geneva Call on this thematic area


    The ANSA has signed the Deed of Commitment on this thematic area


    • is a directory of armed non-State actors commitments. Check out the documents concerning this country on

    Related Medias

    Strategy 2017-2019


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    Local Partner(s)

    • Action Humanitaire pour la Consolidation de la Paix et de Développement Intégré (AHCOPDI)
    • Global Synergie pour la Paix et le Développement (GSYPAD)