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Since January 2004, armed violence has caused more than 17,000 civilian casualties in the region known as Thailand’s “Deep South”.
After a decrease in violence in 2015, 2016 saw this trend reverse, with an upsurge in the reported number of both incidents and casualties. Since 2004, 15,374 attacks have killed 6,543 people and wounded 11,919 others, mostly civilians. People not or no longer participating in hostilities constitute the majority of these casualties. ANSAs are reportedly responsible for the vast majority of IHL violations. Peace talks between the government and MARA Patani, a coalition formed by six ANSAs, have so far failed to make significant progress.
Thematic areas of work in this country
Geneva Call has been working in the south of Thailand since 2015. It focuses on promoting respect for humanitarian norms by building the capacity of CBOs/CSOs to disseminate relevant information to communities.
- Geneva Call adapted its training material on humanitarian norms – an illustrated booklet and a poster – to the local context.
- In 2015, regular monitoring of the press and experts’ reports revealed a decrease in the number of unlawful incidents, alt-hough violations of humanitarian norms by ANSAs continued.
- In 2015, illustrated booklets and posters in the Thai and Malay languages helped local CSOs promote humanitarian rules.