Protecting civilians in armed conflict

Somalia

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Somalia

Somalia was without an effective national Government for more than two decades, during which time much of the country has been plunged into lawlessness and armed conflict.

Fighting continues between the Somali Armed Forces together with the forces supporting them and various armed non-State actors (ANSAs), particularly al-Shabaab. The authorities nevertheless pursue the consolidation of a federal State. This includes integrating existing allied ANSAs into the Somali Armed Forces. In the north, tensions linger between the semi-autonomous region of Puntland and the self-declared Republic of Somaliland. The protracted armed conflict continues to take a heavy toll on civilians, and widespread insecurity hinders humanitarian activities.

Activities

Thematic areas of work in this country
Landmine_ban_dark
Landmine ban

Geneva Call has been engaged with Somali ANSAs since 2002. While only a few remain active today, 17 ANSAs have signed the Deed of Commitment banning anti-personnel (AP) mines. The self-declared Republic of Somaliland has adopted similar mine ban legislation. Geneva Call’s role mainly consists of monitoring compliance with the Deed of Commitment signed by the remaining active signatories, and facilitating the work of mine-action NGOs and the destruction of AP mines and explosive remnants of war.

Main achievements

  • The Puntland authorities and 16 other ANSAs in Somalia signed the Geneva Call Deed of Commitment banning AP mines (see the table below).
  • Signatories destroyed more than 2,400 stockpiled AP mines and several tonnes of abandoned ordnance.
  • The Somaliland authorities, with Geneva Call’s assistance, developed legislation banning AP mines.
  • The monitoring of the remaining active signatories’ compliance with the Deed of Commitment banning AP mines continues.

In Somalia, Geneva Call works or has worked with the following armed non-State actors:

Organization Active Thematic areas
Landmine ban Child protection Gender issues Humanitarian norms
Banadiri No
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  • Hiran Patriotic Alliance/Somalia Reconciliation and Restoration Council (HPA/SRRC) No
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  • Islamist Courts Union (ICU) No
    Jowhar Administration No
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  • Juba Valley Alliance (JVA) Yes
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  • Puntland State of Somalia (PSS) Yes
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  • Rahanweyn Resistance Army / Somalia Reconciliation and Restoration Council – Hassan Mohamed Nur “Shatigudud” (RRA/SRRC-Shatigudud) No
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  • Rahanweyn Resistance Army / Somalia Reconciliation and Restoration Council – Sheykh Adan “Madobe” (RRA/SRRC-Madobe) No
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  • Somali African Muki Organization / Somalia Reconciliation and Restoration Council – Nakuru (SAMO/SRRC/Nakuru) No
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  • Somali National Front / Somalia Reconciliation and Restoration Council (SNF/SRRC) Yes
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  • Somali Patriotic Movement (SPM) – faction of General “Morgan” No
    Somali Patriotic Movement / Somalia Reconciliation and Restoration Council – Aden Abdullahi Nur “Gabyow” (SPM/SRRC-Gabyow) No
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  • Somaliland authorities (Somaliland) Yes
    Southern Somali National Movement / BIREM (SSNM/BIREM) No
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  • Southern Somali National Movement/ Somalia National Army / Somalia Reconciliation and Restoration Council (SSNM/SNA/SRRC) No
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  • Transitional National Government (TNG) No
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  • United Somali Congress / North Mogadishu/ Somalia Reconciliation and Restoration Council (USC/North Mogadishu/SRRC) No
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  • United Somali Congress / Somali Salvation Army (USC/SSA) No
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  • United Somali Congress / Somalia National Army / Somalia Reconciliation and Restoration Council / Nakuru (USC/SSA/SRRC/Nakuru) No
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  • United Somali Congress / Somalia National Army/ Somalia Reconciliation and Restoration Council (USC/SSA/SRRC) No
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  • Click on the ticks to display the signed Deeds of Commitment
     

    The ANSA is being engaged by Geneva Call on this thematic area

     

    The ANSA was engaged by Geneva Call on this thematic area

     

    The ANSA has signed the Deed of Commitment on this thematic area

     

    Related news

     
     

    Theirwords.org

    • Theirwords.org is a directory of armed non-State actors commitments. Check out the documents concerning this country on theirwords.org.
     
     

    Related Medias

     
    Strategy 2017-2019
     

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