Mali< Back to the other countries
In early 2012, having seen a number of Tuareg rebellions over several decades, Mali experienced the resurgence of several armed non-State actors (ANSAs) which rapidly took over the northern part of the country.
The insurgency was exacerbated by the influx of heavily armed deserters who had fought in the 2011 Libyan civil war. Conflict subsequently erupted between Tuareg separatists led by the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA) and Islamist ANSAs. MNLA was pushed out of all the major cities.
In early 2013 an international military campaign spearheaded by France stopped the advance of Islamist ANSAs and regained control of northern regions. Some ANSAs agreed to a fragile truce with the Government while others have continued attacks.
International Humanitarian Law (IHL) and human rights violations, including child recruitment, sexual violence and the indiscriminate use of anti-personnel (AP) mines have been reported in Mali, where more than 450,000 civilians have been displaced by the recent conflict.
Following initial dialogue with the MNLA on IHL during 2012, Geneva Call conducted a field assessment in 2013 to consider opportunities for engagement with other ANSAs.
Banning AP mines
Geneva Call’s dialogue with the MNLA includes discussions on the AP mine ban.
Promoting international humanitarian norms
MNLA leaders contacted Geneva Call in late 2012 to seek advice on ways to adapt their conduct in compliance with IHL.
- Geneva Call has maintained open dialogue with ANSAs operating in Mali, notably the MNLA, and conducted an initial field assessment in late 2013 which will produce a strategy for potential engagement with other ANSAs in Mali and in the region.
- Geneva Call has raised the awareness of the MNLA leadership in regards to the ban on AP mines and the use of improvised explosive devices (IEDs).